Greek Cultural Herutage Law - What you should know at a glance!

The main Greek law protecting cultural Heritage is Law 3028/2002 which was .. by law 3865/2008 which mainly deals with the fight of illict trafficking in cultural obljects.

Definitions

Law 3028 governing antiquities gives following main definitions:

A. Cultural Objects:“testimonies of the existence and the individual and collective creativity of human kind”.

Attention:

Greek law distinguishes between “Cultural Objects” and “Monuments” .. Most of the strict regulations stipulated in law 3028/2002 apply only to “Monuments”


B. Monuments:

“cultural objects which constitute material testimonies belonging to the cultural heritage of the country and which deserve special protection”.

The law stipulates following categories:
a) Ancient monuments
b) Recent monuments
c) Immovable monuments
d) Movable monuments

Ancient Monuments or Antiquities:

“all cultural objects (artifacts and monuments) back to prehistoric, ancient, Byzantine and post-Byzantine times up to 1830. Archaeological Monuments also include caves and paleontological remains, for which there is no evidence that they are related to human existence”.

Archaeological Sites:

“areas on land, at sea, in lakes or rivers that contain or there is evidence that they contain, ancient monuments, or which have constituted or there is evidence that hey have constituted monumental, urban or burial groups from ancient times up to 1830. Archaeological sites shall also include the necessary open space so as to allow the preserved monuments to be considered in a historical, aesthetic and functional unity”.

Recent Monuments:

“cultural objects dating after 1830, which deserve protection due to their historical artistic or scientific significance, in accordance with the distnctions of article 20”

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